Oculoplastics or Oculoplastic surgery includes wide variety of surgical procedure that deal with the orbit (Eye Socket), eyelids, tear ducts, and the face. It also deals with the reconstruction of the eye and associated structures. Ocular reconstructive surgery, aesthetic eyelid surgery, facial plastic surgery, and cosmetic procedures fall into this category. Some types of Oculoplastic surgery are considered both medically necessary and cosmetic.
Types of Oculoplastic Surgery
Oculoplastic surgery covers a wide range of procedures, including:
• Eyelid surgery, including Blepharoplasty and eyelid reconstruction, for
ptosis, entropion, ectropion, and eyelid tumors.
• Tear duct surgery.
• Orbital surgery to manage thyroid and eye disorders, tumors, and trauma.
• Pediatric Oculoplastic surgery to correct congenital defects and manage
eye disorders in children.
• Eyebrow and forehead lifts.
• Facial rejuvenation (midface lift, lower face lift, facial implants).
Most of the Oculoplastic surgeries can be performed with local anesthesia. Patients who have already completed the surgical procedure at a hospital or any surgical center will probably receive intravenous sedation.
Eyelid Surgery: Blepharoplasty is a most common type of eyelid surgery, which is done through incisions following the natural lines of your eyelids. An Oculoplastic surgeon will make the incision and will then separate the skin from the underlying tissue to remove the excess fat, skin, and muscle. Sutures are then placed in the upper eyelids to close the incisions. The lower lids may not require sutures, depending upon the technique used. The procedure usually takes about two hours if both upper and lower eyelids are done together.
Tear Duct Surgery: To perform this surgery, your specialist will make a little cut through the nose or through the skin within corner of your eye and your nose. Another tear empty opening is made out of the blocked sac straightforwardly into the nose. A stent might be left in the new tear deplete incidentally to keep the pipe open. Now and again, the obstruction remains blocked and a permanent artificial drain is set behind the side of the eyelids.
Orbital Surgery: Before going through orbital surgery, one has to undergo radiographic testing where an Oculoplastic surgeon will perform fine-needle aspiration. This helps them in determining the surgical approach that will be taken. The surgical approach that will be chosen in a person’s case depends on the location, size, and extent of disease present. In some instances, only a small skin incision or no incision is required whereas in others, large incisions are needed. The Oculoplastic surgeon will remove or repair damaged tissues while carefully preserving eye function and vision.
Pediatric Oculoplastic Surgery: Oculoplastic surgery performed on children is called Pediatric Oculoplastic surgery. Two common conditions in children that can be corrected by Oculoplastic surgery are congenital ptosis and congenital tear duct obstruction. Most of the children who undergo Oculoplastic surgery have associated syndromes and perioperative requirements. For this reason, Oculoplastic surgery on a child is performed by a pediatric ophthalmologist.
Preparing for Oculoplastic Surgery
Before preparing for Ocluoplastic Surgery one has to do certain preparations like
• Getting a medical evaluation for lab testing
• Taking certain medications or adjusting your current medications
• Stop Smoking, if one does.
• Avoid taking of aspirin, anti-inflammatory drugs and herbal supplements.